What is the origin of the last name Carroll?

The surname Carroll originates from the Irish name "Ó Cearbhaill," which means "descendant of Cearbhall." Cearbhall, an Old Irish personal name, is derived from the elements "cearb" meaning "hacking" or "slaying" and "gal" meaning "valor" or "fury." The name Carroll has ancient roots and can be traced back to several prominent Irish clans, including the Ó Cearbhaill of Ely O'Carroll in County Tipperary and the Ó Cearbhaill of Oriel in present-day counties Monaghan and Louth. Over time, the name Carroll spread beyond Ireland, particularly among Irish diaspora communities in English-speaking countries.

Countries of origin for the last name Carroll

There are several facts known about the last name Carroll based on available sources on the internet: 1. Carroll is a surname of Irish origin, derived from the Irish name Ó Cearbhaill or Mac Cearbhaill. 2. The name Ó Cearbhaill means “descendant of Cearbhall,” with Cearbhall being an Irish personal name derived from the elements “cearbh” (hacking) and “gal” (strife). 3. The Mac Cearbhaill variant means “son of Cearbhall.” 4. The surname Carroll is not exclusive to one specific region in Ireland and can be found throughout the country. 5. Carroll is a relatively common name in Ireland and among Irish diaspora communities. 6. The name Carroll has variations such as O’Carroll and Carrell. 7. The Carroll surname is found among different Irish clans and families, including the Ely Carroll sept, Fergal Carroll sept, and Oriel Carroll sept. 8. Many notable individuals with the last name Carroll have made significant contributions to various fields such as literature, politics, and sports. Based on these facts, the following logical structure can be created for the analysis: Paragraph 1: Introduction to the Carroll surname and its Irish origin. Paragraph 2: Explanation of the meaning of the name Ó Cearbhaill and its derivation from the elements “cearbh” and “gal.” Paragraph 3: Mention of the Mac Cearbhaill variant meaning “son of Cearbhall.” Paragraph 4: Noting the wide distribution of the surname Carroll throughout Ireland. Paragraph 5: Highlighting the prevalence of the name within Irish communities worldwide. Paragraph 6: Exploring variations and alternative spellings of the Carroll surname. Paragraph 7: Mentioning specific Irish clans and families associated with the Carroll name. Paragraph 8: Notable individuals with the last name Carroll and their achievements. Now, the long-form analysis on the meaning of the last name “Carroll” for a US audience:

The Carroll surname has its origins in Ireland and is derived from the Irish name Ó Cearbhaill or Mac Cearbhaill. The name Ó Cearbhaill, from which Carroll is derived, has its roots in the Irish language. It can be broken down into two elements: “cearbh,” meaning hacking, and “gal,” meaning strife. Thus, the name carries a connotation of someone skilled in battle or the defense of their people.

Moreover, the variant Mac Cearbhaill signifies “son of Cearbhall,” further solidifying the surname’s ties to lineage and family. The name Carroll is not confined to a specific geographic region within Ireland and is found throughout the country. It is worth noting that Carroll is a relatively common surname in Ireland and among Irish diaspora communities.

The surname Carroll has seen variations and alternative spellings over time, such as O’Carroll or Carrell. These variations may have arisen due to regional differences in pronunciation or scribes’ interpretation of the name. These deviations, although minor, add to the richness and diversity of the Carroll surname.

Within the Irish context, several clans and families have been associated with the Carroll name. Notably, the Ely Carroll sept, Fergal Carroll sept, and Oriel Carroll sept can trace their origins back to specific regions and lineages within Ireland. These associations further deepen the historical significance of the Carroll surname.

Lastly, the Carroll surname has produced many notable individuals who have made their mark in various fields. From celebrated authors like Lewis Carroll to influential politicians and accomplished athletes, individuals bearing the Carroll name have left a lasting impact on society. Their achievements contribute to the legacy of the Carroll surname and showcase its enduring influence.

Interesting facts about the last name Carroll

  • The surname Carroll is derived from the Gaelic name Cearbhaill.
  • Carroll is an anglicized form of the Irish name Mac Cearbhaill, meaning “son of Cearbhall.”
  • The name Cearbhall is composed of two elements: “cearb,” meaning “hacking” or “battle,” and “all,” meaning “valor” or “valorous.”
  • The Carroll surname is predominantly of Irish origin, and it is one of the most common surnames in Ireland.
  • The prominence of the Carroll name can be attributed to several influential Carroll clans throughout Irish history.
  • One of the notable Carroll families is the O’Carroll clan of Ely in County Offaly, Ireland, who were the traditional rulers of that territory.
  • Another prominent Carroll family is the Mac Cearbhaill dynasty of Airgíalla in the medieval period, who held power in parts of present-day County Louth and County Armagh.
  • The Carroll surname has spread beyond Ireland and can also be found in other countries with Irish diaspora, such as the United States and Canada.
  • A notable individual with the surname Carroll is Lewis Carroll, the pen name of English author Charles Lutwidge Dodgson, famous for his works “Alice’s Adventures in Wonderland” and “Through the Looking-Glass.”
  • The name Carroll can have variant spellings, including Carrol, Carrel, Carrell, Carroll, and O’Carroll.

Name Rank


There are around 134317 people with the last name Carroll in the US

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