What is the origin of the last name Crosby?

The last name Crosby derives from an Old Norse personal name "Kross-bȳr," meaning "farmstead near a cross." The name was introduced to England during the Viking Age and gradually evolved into "Crosby." Over time, it became a surname associated with several places in England, such as Crosby Ravensworth in Westmorland and Crosby Garrett in Cumbria. The name's popularity spread, and today it is a relatively common surname with variations found in other countries influenced by Norse heritage.

Countries of origin for the last name Crosby

The surname “Crosby” has a long history with connections to the British Isles, particularly England. It is derived from a place name, specifically the village of Crosby, which is found in various regions including Lancashire, Cumbria, and Merseyside. The meaning of “Crosby” is most commonly associated with the Old Norse word “kross” meaning “cross” and the Old English word “by” meaning “settlement” or “farm.”

One of the earliest recorded instances of the surname “Crosby” can be traced back to the Domesday Book of 1086, where it appears as “Crossebi.” This suggests that the name was established in England prior to the Norman Conquest. Over time, the spelling and pronunciation of the name have evolved, resulting in variations such as “Crosbie” and “Croesby.”

The village of Crosby in Lancashire, England, has historical significance and may have influenced the adoption of the surname. It was a market town and a strategic location during the Viking period, as evidenced by the nearby Crosby Hall, a Grade II listed building dating back to the 14th century. The presence of a cross in the village, possibly a reference to the name’s etymology, further supports its connection to the surname “Crosby.”

Migration played a significant role in spreading the surname “Crosby” beyond England. Many individuals bearing the name emigrated to other parts of the British Isles, such as Scotland and Ireland, as well as to the United States, Canada, Australia, and New Zealand. The surname’s diffusion across different countries suggests that early bearers of the name were adventurous or seeking better opportunities elsewhere.

The prominence of the surname “Crosby” is highlighted by notable individuals who have borne the name throughout history. Among them is the English musician and singer-songwriter David Crosby, a founding member of the Byrds and Crosby, Stills & Nash. His successful career and cultural impact have brought visibility to the name.

Exploring the meaning of “Crosby” also reveals the use of the name as a given name or middle name. While it may be challenging to determine the exact reasons for this usage, it could be attributed to a familial connection or a desire to honor an individual or place associated with the surname.

In conclusion, the surname “Crosby” has deep roots in England, derived from the place name of Crosby. Its connection to the words “cross” and “settlement” supports its etymological meaning. The surname has spread to various parts of the world through migration, and its prominence is exemplified by notable individuals who bear the name. While the specific reasons for its adoption as a given or middle name may vary, the enduring presence of “Crosby” as a surname carries with it a sense of history and an ongoing sense of possibility.

Interesting facts about the last name Crosby

  • The surname Crosby is of English origin and is derived from the Old Norse personal name “Krossbyr,” which means “farmstead near a cross.”
  • The name Crosby can also be derived from the Old English words “crawe” or “cros,” which mean “cross” and “bridge” respectively. Therefore, Crosby could also refer to a person who lived near a cross or bridge.
  • The surname Crosby has been found in various forms throughout history, including Crosbie, Crosbey, Crosbye, and Crossby.
  • Crosby is a relatively common surname in England and can be found in several different regions, including Lancashire, Cheshire, and Derbyshire.
  • One of the most famous bearers of the Crosby surname is Bing Crosby, an American singer, actor, and television personality who was one of the best-selling recording artists of the 20th century.
  • Crosby is also the surname of several other notable individuals, such as David Crosby, an American singer-songwriter and founding member of the rock band Crosby, Stills & Nash, and Sidney Crosby, a Canadian professional ice hockey player and captain of the Pittsburgh Penguins.
  • The Crosby surname has a long history and can be traced back to medieval times. It is believed to have originated in the North of England and Scotland.
  • The meaning and origins of the Crosby surname make it a popular choice for fictional characters, appearing in books, movies, and television shows.
  • The Crosby family name has been associated with various coat of arms designs over the centuries, reflecting the different branches and lineages of the surname.

Name Rank


There are around 40563 people with the last name Crosby in the US

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