What is the origin of the last name Fitzgerald?

The last name Fitzgerald has an interesting origin that can be traced back to Normandy, France in the 12th century. Derived from the Old French name "Géraud," meaning "spear," the name evolved into "Fitz Gérald" in England, with "Fitz" denoting 'son of' and "Gérald" referring to the legendary spear warrior. The Norman-French Fitz Géralds arrived in Ireland during the Anglo-Norman invasion of the 12th century, where the name assimilated into the Gaelic language as "Mac Gerailt." Over time, "Mac Gerailt" transformed into its anglicized form, "Fitzgerald," a prominent surname associated with Irish nobility and historical figures such as the famous poet and playwright, Oscar Wilde.

Countries of origin for the last name Fitzgerald

Fitzgerald is a last name of Irish origin that carries a significant historical and cultural legacy. It is derived from the Gaelic name Mac Gearailt, meaning “son of Gerald.” This surname is associated with the FitzGerald dynasty, one of the most prominent and influential families in Irish history. The FitzGeralds were notable for their power, wealth, and political influence, which spanned several centuries.

The origins of the Fitzgerald name can be traced back to the 12th century when Maurice FitzGerald, an Anglo-Norman nobleman, arrived in Ireland as part of the Norman invasion. Maurice became the progenitor of the Fitzgerald dynasty, and his descendants played key roles in the governance of Ireland as earls, dukes, and knights.

The Fitzgeralds were deeply connected to both Irish and English history, often straddling the divide between the two. They maintained strong ties to their Gaelic roots while also becoming loyal supporters of the English Crown. This complex dynamic contributed to their longevity and influence as a family.

Throughout their history, the Fitzgeralds held numerous titles and held vast lands and estates. They were known for their military prowess, diplomatic skills, and patronage of the arts. The family produced prominent figures in various fields, including politics, literature, and academia.

Notable members of the Fitzgerald dynasty include Gerald FitzGerald, the 9th Earl of Kildare, who was known as “the Great Earl” for his powerful position as Lord Deputy of Ireland and his efforts to defend Irish interests. Another prominent figure is Maurice FitzGerald, the 9th Duke of Leinster, who played an essential role in the Irish cultural revival of the late 19th and early 20th centuries.

A significant aspect of the Fitzgerald legacy is their involvement in the political struggles that shaped Irish history. Their support for Catholic rights and resistance against English dominance contributed to the preservation of Irish culture and identity.

The surname Fitzgerald has spread beyond Ireland, particularly due to emigration. Many Fitzgeralds settled in the United States, where they have continued to contribute to various fields of endeavor. Today, Fitzgerald is a relatively common surname in America.

The rich history and symbolism associated with the Fitzgerald name make it a fascinating subject of genealogical research. Understanding the origins and significance of this last name provides insights into the complex interplay between different cultures and the enduring impact of influential families.

Interesting facts about the last name Fitzgerald

  • The surname Fitzgerald is of Irish origin and comes from the Gaelic name Mac Gearailt.
  • It is one of the most prominent Anglo-Norman families in Ireland, with a history dating back to the 12th century.
  • The Fitzgerald family played a crucial role in the Anglo-Norman invasion of Ireland and subsequently became one of the most powerful and influential families in the country.
  • The Fitzgeralds were known for their vast land holdings and castles, including the famous stronghold of Kildare.
  • Notable members of the Fitzgerald family include Thomas FitzGerald, 10th Earl of Kildare, who played a key role in Irish politics during the 16th century.
  • The Fitzgeralds were involved in several rebellions and uprisings against English rule in Ireland, most notably during the Nine Years’ War in the late 16th century.
  • The Fitzgerald surname has spread beyond Ireland, and there are Fitzgerald families in other parts of the world, particularly in the United States.
  • Famous individuals with the surname Fitzgerald include F. Scott Fitzgerald, the acclaimed American author of “The Great Gatsby,” and Ella Fitzgerald, one of the greatest jazz singers of all time.

Name Rank


There are around 75356 people with the last name Fitzgerald in the US

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