What is the origin of the last name Hayes?

The last name Hayes has its origins in the medieval English and Scottish surname derived from the Old English personal name "Hēah," meaning "high" or "tall," which eventually became a surname with the addition of the suffix "-es" denoting "son of." This patronymic surname was prominent and widespread in medieval England, and several variant spellings emerged over time, such as Hay, Hays, or Heyes. The name Hayes can also be traced back to Gaelic roots in Ireland, where it is believed to have originated from the Old Irish word "�ó hAodha," meaning "descendant of Aodh," a personal name associated with fire or inspiration. Thus, the last name Hayes embodies a rich history reflecting both English and Gaelic origins.

Countries of origin for the last name Hayes

The last name Hayes has an interesting origin and history. Here are the key facts:

1. Hayes is a surname of medieval English origin.

2. The name is derived from the Old English word “heg,” meaning “hedge” or “enclosure,” and the word “haga,” meaning “dweller by the hedge.”

3. The name is classified as a habitational surname, indicating that it was originally associated with a particular place or geographical feature.

4. The first recorded instance of the name Hayes can be traced back to the 12th century, appearing as “de la Hegge” in historical records.

5. Over time, the spelling of the name evolved, resulting in variations such as Haye, Haigh, Heys, and Hays.

6. The surname Hayes is particularly prevalent in England, Ireland, and Scotland, reflecting the historical migration and settlement patterns of the British Isles.

7. The name has also spread to other parts of the world, mainly through immigration and colonial expeditions.

8. Notable individuals bearing the surname Hayes include Rutherford B. Hayes, the 19th President of the United States, and Isaac Hayes, an influential American musician and actor.

9. The surname Hayes can be found in various forms and spellings across different countries, including Haase in Germany, Hayes in Ireland, and Hayashi in Japan.

In conclusion, the last name Hayes originated in medieval England and is derived from the words “heg” and “haga,” meaning “hedge” and “dweller by the hedge” respectively. It has evolved over time and is classified as a habitational surname. The name is prevalent in England, Ireland, Scotland, and other parts of the world. Notable individuals with the surname Hayes include Rutherford B. Hayes and Isaac Hayes. The name has variations in different countries, such as Haase, Hayes, and Hayashi. The history and meaning of the name Hayes reflect the complex interplay of language, geography, and cultural migration.

Interesting facts about the last name Hayes

  • The surname Hayes is of English and Irish origin.
  • It is derived from the Old English word “hēg” or “hæg” which means “hedge” or “enclosure.”
  • In Ireland, Hayes is an anglicized form of the Gaelic surname Ó hAodha, meaning “descendant of Aodh” or “fire.”
  • The Hayes surname is fairly common in both England and Ireland.
  • Hayes is the 87th most common surname in the United States.
  • Some notable people with the surname Hayes include Rutherford B. Hayes, the 19th President of the United States; Helen Hayes, an American actress; and Isaac Hayes, an American singer-songwriter and actor.
  • The Hayes family motto is “bon espoir” which translates to “good hope.”
  • Hayes is also the name of several places, including a town in England, a neighborhood in London, and a village in Ireland.

Name Rank


There are around 194246 people with the last name Hayes in the US

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