What is the origin of the last name Hicks?

The last name Hicks is of English origin, derived from the medieval given name Richard. It is a patronymic surname meaning "son of Richard." The name Richard itself has Germanic roots, derived from the elements "ric" meaning "power" or "ruler" and "hard" meaning "brave" or "strong." Over time, variations of the surname Hicks have emerged, including Hickes and Hick. The name was initially concentrated in the southwest of England but has since spread across the English-speaking world.

Countries of origin for the last name Hicks

Hicks is a last name of English origin, primarily found in the United States. It is derived from the medieval male given name Richard, which itself is a compound of the Germanic elements “ric” meaning “ruler” and “hard” meaning “strong” or “brave”. The surname Hicks developed as a patronymic form of Richard, meaning “son of Richard”.

One possible etymological origin of Hicks is from the Old English word “hig” or “hyg” meaning “family” or “household”. This suggests that the name may have initially denoted a person who belonged to or worked for a prominent household.

The surname Hicks has ancient roots and appears in records as early as the 13th century. It is believed to have originated in the southwestern part of England, particularly in the counties of Devon and Cornwall. Over time, individuals bearing the name Hicks migrated to other regions of England and eventually to the United States, where it is most prevalent today.

Hicks is a relatively common surname in the United States, ranking among the top 600 surnames nationwide. It is concentrated particularly in the southern and southeastern states, such as North Carolina, Georgia, and Texas. This distribution pattern strongly suggests that the migration of individuals with the Hicks surname followed historical migration patterns from England to the southern colonies and later to the American South.

The Hicks family name has been associated with various notable individuals throughout history. One notable example is Thomas Hicks, an English clergyman who emigrated to the Massachusetts Bay Colony in the 17th century and played a significant role in the establishment of the early Puritan community. Another notable figure with the surname Hicks is Granville Hicks, an American writer and literary critic known for his contributions to the study of American literature.

Although the origin and meaning of the Hicks surname can be traced back to its English roots, its precise meaning for individuals bearing the name today may vary. It is important to note that surnames often evolve and can be influenced by factors such as regional dialects, phonetic changes, and personal preferences. Therefore, the specific meaning and significance of the Hicks surname may differ among different branches of the family.

In conclusion, Hicks is an English surname derived from the medieval given name Richard. It has deep roots in the southwestern part of England and has spread to the United States, primarily in the southern and southeastern states. While its precise meaning may vary among individuals, the Hicks surname represents a familial connection to the ancient Richard name and carries with it a rich historical and cultural background.

However, in name etymology and genealogy, complete certainty is elusive. Despite our extensive knowledge of the Hicks surname, new discoveries and interpretations may continue to unfold, shedding further light on its origins and significance. The exploration of surnames is a continuous journey that invites us to delve deeper into the tapestry of human history, connecting generations and uncovering the hidden narratives behind our names.

Interesting facts about the last name Hicks

  • The surname Hicks is of English origin.
  • It is derived from the medieval given name “Hicke,” which is a diminutive form of “Richard.”
  • The name was first recorded in Norfolk, England, in the 12th century.
  • In Old English, “Hicke” meant a small or diminutive person.
  • The surname Hicks was originally a patronymic, indicating “son of Hicke.”
  • The name Hicks is relatively common in English-speaking countries, particularly in the United States.
  • Famous individuals with the surname Hicks include American comedian Bill Hicks and British film director Anthony Hicks.
  • The Hicks family is known for its association with the state of Texas in the United States.
  • Hicks is also a common surname among African Americans, with origins in the slave trade.
  • The surname Hicks has variations in spelling, including Hix and Hixson.

Name Rank


There are around 158320 people with the last name Hicks in the US

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