What is the origin of the last name Higgins?

The last name Higgins is of Irish origin, derived from the Gaelic "Ó hUiginn," which translates to "descendant of Uigheann." Uigheann itself is thought to have been a personal name derived from the Old Norse name "Vigean," meaning "bow warrior." The Higgins surname holds historical significance in Ireland, particularly in County Clare, where the Ó hUiginn clan were known as poets and scholars as early as the 12th century. Over time, the name Higgins has spread and become widespread throughout Ireland and other English-speaking countries.

Countries of origin for the last name Higgins

The last name Higgins has a long history and a variety of possible meanings. It is primarily associated with Irish heritage, but can also be found in other parts of the world. The name has evolved over time, with different spelling variations and regional pronunciations.

One of the most common origins of the name Higgins is the patronymic surname derived from the given name Aodhagáin, which means “little fire” or “little Aodh” in Irish. Aodhagáin was a popular first name in medieval Ireland, and the surname originated as a way to denote “son of Aodhagáin.” Over time, the name Aodhagáin transformed into various spellings, including Higgin, Higgen, and Higgins.

Another possible origin of the name is the occupational surname derived from the term “hagin,” which referred to someone who worked with haggis or offal. This may have been a derogatory term used to describe a butcher or someone involved in the meat industry. Over time, the occupational term merged with the personal name Aodhagáin, resulting in the surname Higgins.

The Higgins surname has a strong presence in Ireland, particularly in the province of Ulster. It is also found among Irish communities in other countries, such as the United States, Canada, and Australia. The Irish diaspora and emigration in the 19th and 20th centuries contributed to the spread of the surname worldwide.

Interestingly, the pronunciation of the name Higgins can vary depending on the region. In Ireland, it is often pronounced with a hard “g” sound, while in other English-speaking countries, it may be pronounced with a soft “g” sound. This difference in pronunciation reflects the regional variations and accents associated with the surname.

Like many surnames, the Higgins name has undergone spelling variations over time. These variations can be attributed to factors such as illiteracy, dialectal differences, and clerical errors. Some common spelling variations include Higgens, Higens, and Heggen. These variations further highlight the evolving nature of the surname.

While there are several widely accepted theories about the origin and meaning of the Higgins surname, it is important to acknowledge that definitive conclusions may be elusive. The complexity of surname etymology and the limitations of historical records make it difficult to pinpoint a singular origin or meaning. Therefore, exploring the possibilities and examining the available evidence provides a glimpse into the rich history and intricate nature of the Higgins name.

Interesting facts about the last name Higgins

  • The surname Higgins is of Irish origin.
  • It is derived from the Gaelic personal name “Ó hUiginn” which means “descendant of Uiginn”.
  • The name Uiginn itself is derived from the Gaelic word “ogean” meaning “youth” or “vigor”.
  • The Higgins surname is most commonly found in the western provinces of Ireland, particularly in County Galway and County Mayo.
  • The Higgins family held the hereditary office of Brehon (or judge) to the powerful O’Connor Kings of Connacht.
  • The name Higgins has also been anglicized to Hagan, Hagan, and Hicky, among other variations.
  • Notable individuals with the surname Higgins include Michael D. Higgins, the current President of Ireland, and Aidan Higgins, a renowned Irish novelist.
  • In the United States, the Higgins surname is most commonly found in Massachusetts, New York, and Illinois.
  • Higgins is the 173rd most common surname in Ireland.

Name Rank


There are around 79803 people with the last name Higgins in the US

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