What is the origin of the last name Justice?

The last name Justice originated as an English occupational surname derived from the Old French word "justice" meaning "judge" or "official of the law." It was initially used as a metonymic occupational surname for someone involved in the legal profession. Over time, it became a hereditary surname and spread to various regions where English influence was prominent. Today, the last name Justice can be found in many English-speaking countries and is often a reminder of ancestral ties to the legal system.

Countries of origin for the last name Justice

The last name Justice is primarily of English origin and is derived from the Middle English word “justise,” which means “administration of the law” or “quality of being fair and morally right.” It is a surname that developed from a nickname given to individuals who were believed to possess a strong sense of justice or who held positions related to the legal system.

The usage of the surname Justice can be traced back to the medieval period in England, indicating its long-standing history. In medieval society, the justice system played a crucial role in maintaining order and resolving disputes. As a result, surnames related to justice or law were prevalent.

The distribution of the Justice surname is widespread throughout English-speaking countries. It is particularly common in the United States, where it holds a significant presence. This can be attributed to the historical English migration to America, along with the continuous use and development of the name within the country.

The surname Justice has also undergone variations over time, leading to different spellings and pronunciations. Some of these variations include Justus, Justis, Just, Jost, and Justicee. These variations may have arisen due to regional dialects or clerical errors in record-keeping.

Furthermore, the surname Justice has also been adopted by individuals of non-English origins, such as French, German, and Dutch. In these cases, the name may have been Anglicized or assumed by immigrants upon arrival in English-speaking countries.

It is worth noting that while the surname Justice carries a distinct meaning related to the concept of fairness and law, the presence of the surname alone does not provide definitive insight into an individual’s profession or characteristics. Surnames are markers of ancestry and familial connections, and while they can provide clues about ancestral occupations or traits, they do not define an individual’s identity.

In conclusion, the last name Justice has an English origin and is associated with justice, law, and fairness. Its usage can be traced back to the medieval period, and it has since spread to various English-speaking countries, particularly the United States. While its variations and adoption by individuals of non-English origins contribute to its diversity, the surname Justice should be understood as a historical marker rather than a direct indicator of an individual’s personal attributes or profession.

Interesting facts about the last name Justice

  • The surname Justice is derived from the Old French word “justise” meaning “justice” or “fairness.”
  • It is a relatively common surname and is found in various countries around the world, including the United States, England, France, and Canada.
  • The surname Justice can have different meanings depending on its origin. In English, it is often associated with the concept of justice and fairness. In some cases, it may have been used as an occupational surname for someone involved in the administration of justice.
  • In the United States, the surname Justice is particularly common in states such as West Virginia, Kentucky, and Virginia.
  • Notable individuals with the surname Justice include American football player Merton Hanks, American tennis player Donald Justice, and American politician Jim Justice.
  • The Justice name is sometimes used as a first name as well, particularly for boys.
  • Variant spellings of the surname Justice include Justis, Justise, and Justo.
  • The surname Justice has been recorded in various forms throughout history, including “Justis,” “Justys,” “Gystis,” and “Jestys.”
  • The Justice surname can be traced back to 12th-century England and France.
  • There are several families with the surname Justice who have historical importance, such as the Justice family of Virginia, which played a role in the early settlement of the American colonies.

Name Rank


There are around 32480 people with the last name Justice in the US

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