What is the origin of the last name Roach?

The last name Roach has Anglo-Saxon origins, deriving from the Olde English word "rōch," meaning a roach or fish. It is believed to have initially been an occupational surname, referring to those who fished for or traded in roaches. Over time, the name Roach has also been associated with a variety of other origins, including Irish and Gaelic, often derived from the personal name "Roch." As with many surnames, variations and different spellings have emerged over centuries, but the core meaning of "roach" remains closely linked to the name's etymology.

Countries of origin for the last name Roach

Roach is a last name of Irish and English origins, and is primarily found in the United States, Ireland, and the United Kingdom. The name is fairly common, with a frequency rank of 873 in the United States. It is speculated that the name originally referred to someone who lived near a place where roaches (a type of fish) were abundant or where roach fishing was popular.

The Irish variant of Roach is MacRoibéard, which means “son of Robert” in Gaelic. This suggests that some Roach families may have originated from Scotland, where the name Robert has its origins. In England, Roach is derived from the Old English term “hroec,” which means “roach” in reference to the fish. In some cases, the name may have been a nickname for someone with roach-like features, such as red hair.

Roach has been recorded as a surname since the 13th century, and variations of the name include Roche, Roache, and Roch. The Roach name has been carried by individuals of various occupations and social classes throughout history. Notable individuals with the surname Roach include Max Roach, a renowned jazz drummer, and Hal Roach, a prolific American film and television producer.

Today, individuals with the surname Roach can be found in various professions and fields. The name holds no specific regional or cultural associations, and individuals with the name Roach are of diverse backgrounds. While researching the Roach surname can provide insights into individual family histories and genealogical connections, it is also important to recognize that surnames can be a complex and multifaceted topic. The study of surnames encompasses a range of historical, cultural, and linguistic aspects, providing a wealth of possibilities for further exploration and understanding.

Interesting facts about the last name Roach

  • The surname Roach is of English and Irish origin.
  • The name is derived from the Old English word “roche” or the Irish “O’Rothaigh,” both of which mean “rock” or “stone.”
  • The Roach surname is most commonly found in the United Kingdom, particularly in England, as well as in Ireland and the United States.
  • There are various spelling variations of the Roach surname, including Roche, Roche, and Roke.
  • The Roach family crest features a red chevron on a silver shield, often accompanied by three silver or gold trefoils.
  • The Roach surname is also associated with several notable individuals, including John Roach (19th-century American shipbuilder) and James Roach (American composer and music producer).
  • In zoology, a roach refers to a type of freshwater fish belonging to the Cyprinidae family.
  • The word “roach” is also used as a colloquial term to refer to cockroaches, a common household pest.
  • Roach is a popular last name among professional athletes, with notable examples including boxer Ricky Hatton and football player Brian Roach.
  • Roach is a versatile and adaptable surname, found in various industries and professions, including law, academia, and business.

Name Rank


There are around 45019 people with the last name Roach in the US

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