What is the origin of the last name Cummings?

The last name Cummings has its origin in Scotland, derived from the Gaelic personal name "Cuimín," which means "little champion" or "little hound." The name has ancient roots, tracing back to the early medieval period, and was later anglicized to Cummings. It is also worth noting that variations of the name, such as Cumming and MacCummings, can be found in historical records, reflecting regional linguistic influences and clan affiliations.

Countries of origin for the last name Cummings

The last name Cummings has multiple origins and meanings, reflecting the diverse nature of surnames. An analysis of this particular name reveals a rich history and provides insight into its etymology, variations, and geographic distribution.

One notable origin of the Cummings surname derives from the Gaelic personal name “Mac Cuimín,” meaning “son of Cumín.” The prefix “Mac” signifies “son of,” while “Cuimín” is a diminutive form of the name “Cumhaigh,” indicating “a youth” or “growing up.” This Gaelic name was prevalent in Ireland and is associated with several different septs or clans, particularly those located in County Clare and County Roscommon.

Furthermore, the surname Cummings can be attributed to English and Scottish origins. In England, it is derived from the Old English personal name “Cúme,” signifying “long” or “tall.” It is worth noting that this name was more commonly found in the northeastern regions of England, particularly in Northumberland, Durham, and Yorkshire. In Scotland, the surname Cummings likely originated as a variant of the name “Cumming,” which itself has multiple etymological possibilities.

Notably, the Cummings surname showcases various spelling variations across different regions and time periods. These variations include Cuming, Cummin, Cumine, Comings, Cumingue, and Cumin, among others. Changes in spelling occurred due to factors such as regional dialects, illiteracy, and phonetic discrepancies. The diverse spelling variations contribute to the complexity and richness of the Cummings name, highlighting its evolution over time.

Geographically, the surname Cummings is prevalent in multiple countries, most notably the United States, Ireland, England, and Scotland. Within the United States, it is particularly prominent in the states of Massachusetts, New Hampshire, and Maine, which have historical ties to early Irish and English settlements. The concentration of the Cummings surname in specific regions reflects migration patterns and historical influences.

In conclusion, the Cummings surname has multifaceted origins, encompassing Gaelic, English, and Scottish roots. This analysis has shed light on the etymology, variations, and geographic distribution of the name. While it is impossible to determine the exact origin for every individual bearing the Cummings surname, exploring these historical and linguistic aspects provides a deeper understanding of its significance. The study of surnames, like Cummings, unveils intriguing connections to ancestral lineages and cultural heritage, sparking curiosity and fostering a sense of identity and belonging.

Interesting facts about the last name Cummings

  • The surname Cummings is of Scottish and Irish origin.
  • It is derived from the medieval name “Cumine,” which was a shortened form of the Gaelic name “Mac Shuibhne” meaning “son of Suibhne.”
  • The name Suibhne itself comes from the Old Irish word “suibhne,” meaning “pleasant.”
  • The Cummings surname can also be spelled as Cumming, Cummins, or Comyn.
  • The name Cumming was first found in Inverness-shire, Scotland, where they held a family seat from very ancient times, some say well before the Norman Conquest and the arrival of Duke William at Hastings in 1066 A.D.
  • The Cumming family played a significant role in Scottish history, particularly during the Wars of Scottish Independence against England.
  • One notable figure with the surname Cummings is E.E. Cummings (1894-1962), an American poet, painter, and playwright known for his unique style of writing and innovative use of punctuation and syntax.
  • The Cummings surname is relatively common in both Scotland and Ireland.
  • The Cumming Clan has its own tartan, which is a distinctive plaid pattern used to identify members of Scottish clans.
  • The surname Cummings is also found in other English-speaking countries, such as the United States, Canada, Australia, and New Zealand, often as a result of immigration.

Name Rank


There are around 79316 people with the last name Cummings in the US

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