What is the origin of the last name Griffith?

The last name Griffith traces its origin back to the ancient Celtic tribes of the British Isles. Derived from the personal name "Gruffydd" or "Gruffudd," meaning "strong lord" or "mighty chief," it is primarily of Welsh ancestry. The surname Griffith became popular in Wales during the medieval period and spread in usage across the English-speaking world through migration and colonization.

Countries of origin for the last name Griffith

The last name Griffith has its origins in Wales, specifically in the ancient Welsh language. It is a patronymic surname, meaning it is derived from a person’s father’s given name.

The name Griffith comes from the Welsh personal name Gruffudd, which can be translated as “strong lord” or “strong prince.” This personal name was itself derived from the Old Welsh name Gruffydd, which had the same meaning. The name Gruffudd was quite common in medieval Wales, and it eventually evolved into the surname Griffith.

As a patronymic surname, Griffith indicates that the individual was the son of a man named Griffith. In Wales, it was common for individuals to take their father’s given name as their surname, with the addition of a suffix meaning “son” or “daughter.” For example, if a man named Griffith had a son named John, the son would be known as John ap Griffith, with “ap” meaning “son of.” Over time, the “ap” was dropped, and the surname Griffith emerged.

The surname Griffith spread beyond Wales with migration and emigration. Welsh immigrants who settled in England, Scotland, Ireland, and later the United States carried the name with them. This resulted in the surname becoming more widespread and diversifying in its spellings.

Throughout history, the name Griffith has been spelled in various ways, including Gryffith, Gruffyth, Griffeth, and Gruffith. These different spellings often arose due to regional dialects and differing systems of spelling in different regions.

Today, the surname Griffith is most commonly found in Wales and among Welsh diaspora communities. It is also present in England, Scotland, Ireland, and the United States, particularly in areas with a significant Welsh population.

Interesting facts about the last name Griffith

  • Griffith is a Welsh surname derived from the ancient personal name “Gruffudd,” which means “strong lord” in Welsh.
  • The surname Griffith has different variations, including Griffiths and Griffin, and is commonly found in Wales and other English-speaking countries.
  • Griffith is one of the most common surnames in Wales, often ranking within the top 10 most popular surnames in the country.
  • The Griffith surname is also prevalent in English-speaking countries such as the United States, Canada, Australia, and New Zealand, due to Welsh migration over the centuries.
  • Griffith is associated with several noble families, including the Griffiths of Penrhyn and the Griffiths of Cefnamwlch in Wales.
  • Famous individuals with the Griffith surname include the Welsh actor Richard Griffiths, known for his roles in the Harry Potter film series, and American film director D. W. Griffith, known for his pioneering work in early cinema.
  • The Griffith DNA Project is an ongoing genetic genealogy study focused on individuals with the surname Griffith and its variants, aiming to trace and understand the historical roots of the surname.
  • The character Peter Griffin from the animated TV show “Family Guy” has a surname that is a play on the Welsh surname Griffith.
  • Griffith is also a place name, with many towns and cities named after the surname in different countries, including Griffith in New South Wales, Australia, and Griffith Park in Los Angeles, California.
  • The Griffith Observatory, located in Griffith Park, is a popular tourist attraction and scientific center named after land donor Colonel Griffith J. Griffith.

Name Rank


There are around 78260 people with the last name Griffith in the US

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